Nokia (Germany and Denmark)

Nokia is a leading global enabler of mobile broadband communication technologies and services. Founded in 2007 by merging Nokia’s Networks business group and the carrier related businesses of Siemens Communications, Nokia operates from the first ever call on GSM, to the first call on LTE, at the forefront of each generation of mobile technology. With its focus on innovation, quality and sustainability, the company provides the world’s most efficient mobile networks, the intelligence to maximize the value of those networks, and the services to make it all work together seamlessly. Nokia’s headquarter is located in Espoo, Finland, and its team of professionals has operations in more than 150 countries worldwide, serving more than 600 Communication Service Provider customers. Nokia has the most commercial LTE references of any vendor.


atesio GmbH is a privately held SME founded in the year 2000 and located in Berlin, Germany. atesio specialises in planning and optimisation services for telecommunications networks based on mathematical modelling, optimisation, and simulation. atesio’s expertise covers many areas of planning for GSM, UMTS as well as LTE radio, backhaul, and core networks.

atesio develops custom-made software for the telecommunications industry that allows performing large-scale and/or complex analysis and planning tasks. atesio produces software components for automating numerous complex tasks in the planning processes.

atesio’s consulting activities range from operational 2G and 3G radio network optimisation over large-scale network design to strategic decision support by means of techno-economical analyses of alternative (radio, access, and core) network evolution paths.

atesio is a spin-off of the distinguished non-university research institute Zuse Institute Berlin (ZIB) .


Ericsson AB is a company in the Ericsson Group (Ericsson). Ericsson is the world's leading provider of technology and services to telecom operators. Ericsson is the leader in 2G, 3G and 4G mobile technologies, and provides support for networks with over 2 billion subscribers and has the leading position in managed services. The company's portfolio comprises mobile and fixed network infrastructure, telecom services, software, broadband and multimedia solutions for operators, enterprises and the media industry. The joint venture ST-Ericsson is a world leader in development of wireless platforms and semiconductors.

The organisation within Ericsson which is engaged in the SEMAFOUR project, called Ericsson Research, provides Ericsson with system concepts, technology and methodology, to secure long term competitive product provisioning. World-class innovation is achieved through cooperation within Ericsson and with partners, customers, universities and research institutes.


iMinds (formerly IBBT) is an independent research institute founded by the Flemish government to stimulate ICT innovation. iMinds unites 17 research groups from different Flemish universities that are complementary in expertise and have a tradition of cooperation with companies for result driven research. The iMinds research groups are organised in five research departments. In SEMAFOUR, two groups of the Future Internet Department are involved.

The Performance Analysis of Telecommunication Systems (PATS) research group is part of the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science of the University of Antwerp. PATS performs basic, applied and contract research related to the performance analysis of telecommunication systems and the impact of performance on the architecture and design of these systems.

The Internet Based Communication Networks and Services (IBCN) research group is a leading telecommunications and software research group belonging to the Department of Information Technology of Ghent University. The IBCN group is performing fundamental and applied research on internet based communication networks and services.

France Télécom - Orange Labs

Orange Labs (previously France Télécom R&D) represents the France Télécom-Orange Group’s global innovation network which anticipates technological revolutions and imagines tomorrow’s technologies. It reflects the Group's ambition to put perpetual innovation at the heart of its strategy, firmly focused on its clients. As the principal source of innovation for the Group, it holds more than 7,500 registered patents. Consisting of 3,600 researchers in 17 laboratories on four continents (8 in France and 9 in Europe, America, Africa and Asia), its scope and coverage enable it to detect all technological breakthroughs and encourage partnerships. Orange Labs extensively collaborates with operators, manufacturers, universities and other R&D centres. It is also actively involved in standardisation and regulation bodies such as 3GPP and ITU-R. The team involved in SEMAFOUR has a strong expertise on radio access network optimisation, particularly on Self Organising Networks, with senior expert researchers, post-doc fellows and PhD students. The team has been actively participating in several European projects such as E3, FARAMIR, and UNIVERSELF.

Telefónica I+D

Telefónica I+D is a company totally owned by Telefónica S.A. Founded in 1988, it is the innovation company of the Telefónica Group and it contributes to the Group's competitiveness and modernity through technological innovation.

The expertise of Telefónica I+D is spread among different areas needed by a telecommunication operator to offer services over the fixed and mobile/wireless networks and Internet:  services creation (related to the broadband, ADSL, intelligent network, data communications, narrow band ISDN, mobile communications, speech technology, multimedia services, and public use telecommunications), network and services management (both fixed and mobile) and network innovation, always with the purpose of supporting Telefónica in its effort to offer the widest possible range of services with the best networks.

Telefónica I+D is the most important private company in Spain devoted to research and development, it employs over 600 professionals, 97% of them hold a University degree. Over the last few years, within the global market Telefónica I+D has grown to become a network of centres of technological excellence that stretches far beyond the Spanish borders, extending its R&D activities to offices situated in Barcelona, Granada, Huesca, Madrid, Valladolid and São Paulo (Brazil). At the same time, it is working for the companies in the Telefónica Group in the rest of Europe, America and Asia.


The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek – TNO) is a non-profit research organisation, with a mission to create innovations that boost the sustainable competitive strength of industry and well-being of society. In its public task, TNO is partially funded by the Dutch government via demand-driven research programmes. TNO has about 3500 employees, who are organised into a matrix organisation of seven themes, each with a prominent place in the national and European innovation agenda, including the ‘Information Society’ theme and three expertise centres. Within the ‘Technical sciences’ expertise centre, there is strong expertise in the area of information and communication technology, which evolved from the former research and innovation department of KPN after it was handed over to TNO in January 2003. Besides joint scientific research projects with universities TNO performs contract research and consultancy for e.g. the ICT industry. 

From its background TNO brings an operator perspective into the SEMAFOUR project. The involved departments, ‘Access Technology’ and ‘Performance of Networks and Systems’, have strong knowledge and broad experience with respect to mobile networking in general, radio resource management, network performance and QoS provisioning in mobile/wireless networks. TNO has been and currently is involved in a number of (inter)national projects relevant to these areas: Ambient Networks (FP6; cooperation of multi-access networks), MUSE (FP6; multi-service, multi-access networks), SAPHYRE (FP7; resource sharing in wireless networks), and SOCRATES (FP7; self-organisation in radio access networks), of which TNO was project coordinator.

Technische Universität Braunschweig

The Institute for Communications Technology (IfN) is part of Faculty 5 for Electrical Engineering, Information Technology, and Physics at the Technische Universität Braunschweig. The IfN consists of three Departments and participates in the SEMAFOUR project by its Department of Mobile Radio Systems. Currently IfN employs thirty-four scientific assistants (portion of third-party funds beyond 70%) and eleven technical and administrative officers (portion of third-party funds 27%). The IfN carries out research within the scope of thirty projects; among those are three international joint research projects, furthermore national German research projects with DFG, BMWi and numerous projects with industrial partners in Germany and other countries.

Within the Department of Mobile Radio Systems, headed by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kürner, currently eleven research assistants are working on topics related to the physical layers for infrastructure, multi-gigabit indoor communication mainly based on IEEE 802 standards, car-to-X communications and satellite navigation. The work on infrastructure networks includes propagation, traffic and mobility models required for automatic radio network planning, optimisation and self-optimisation in LTE networks. TUBS participated in the FP7-ICT-SOCRATES project and is currently participating in FP7-SME-GreenNets. System-Level simulations for LTE in realistic environments are the most relevant expertise TUBS is carrying  to the project apart to its experience on radio network planning and optimisation in general, and its knowledge of various radio access technologies.